Special Character Reference

In languages other than English, and often also in English, you may need to use a character, symbol or accented letter not represented in your keyboard. In order to make these characters show up on your webpage, you can use a special set of codes called character entities, which you insert into your HTML code and watch your browser display as the corresponding characters.

The most common character entities are listed in the below table, which includes special characters, letters with accents, umlauts, etc., and scientific and currency symbols. Both text and numeric entities are given; both kinds begin with an ampersand (&) and end with a semicolon (;).

Name Code Number Code Character Description
‘    left single quote
’    right single quote
‚    single low-9 quote
“    left double quote
”    right double quote
„    double low-9 quote
†    dagger
‡    double dagger
‰    per mill sign
‹    single left-pointing angle quote
›    single right-pointing angle quote
♠    black spade suit
♣    black club suit
♥    black heart suit
♦    black diamond suit
‾    overline
←    leftward arrow
↑    upward arrow
→    rightward arrow
↓    downward arrow
™    trademark sign
	 horizontal tab

 line feed
  space
! !   exclamation mark
" " "   double quotation mark
# #   number sign
$ $   dollar sign
% %   percent sign
& & &   ampersand
' '   apostrophe
( (   left parenthesis
) )   right parenthesis
* *   asterisk
+ +   plus sign
, ,   comma
- -   hyphen
. .   period
⁄ / /   slash
0 - 9 digits 0-9
: :   colon
&#59; ;   semicolon
&lt; &#60; <   less-than sign
&#61; =   equals sign
&gt; &#62; >   greater-than sign
&#63; ?   question mark
&#64; @   at sign
&#65; - &#90; uppercase letters A-Z
&#91; [   left square bracket
&#92; \   backslash
&#93; ]   right square bracket
&#94; ^   caret
&#95; _   underscore
&#96; `   grave accent
&#97; - &#122; lowercase letters a-z
&#123; {   left curly brace
&#124; |   vertical bar
&#125; }   right curly brace
&#126; ~   tilde
&ndash; &#150;    en dash
&mdash; &#151;    em dash
&nbsp; &#160;     nonbreaking space
&iexcl; &#161; ¡   inverted exclamation
&cent; &#162; ¢   cent sign
&pound; &#163; £   pound sterling
&curren; &#164; ¤   general currency sign
&yen; &#165; ¥   yen sign
&brvbar; or &brkbar; &#166; ¦   broken vertical bar
&sect; &#167; §   section sign
&uml; or &die; &#168; ¨   umlaut
&copy; &#169; ©   copyright
&ordf; &#170; ª   feminine ordinal
&laquo; &#171; «   left angle quote
&not; &#172; ¬   not sign
&shy; &#173; ­   soft hyphen
&reg; &#174; ®   registered trademark
&macr; or &hibar; &#175; ¯   macron accent
&deg; &#176; °   degree sign
&plusmn; &#177; ±   plus or minus
&sup2; &#178; ²   superscript two
&sup3; &#179; ³   superscript three
&acute; &#180; ´   acute accent
&micro; &#181; µ   micro sign
&para; &#182;    paragraph sign
&middot; &#183; ·   middle dot
&cedil; &#184; ¸   cedilla
&sup1; &#185; ¹   superscript one
&ordm; &#186; º   masculine ordinal
&raquo; &#187; »   right angle quote
&frac14; &#188; ¼   one-fourth
&frac12; &#189; ½   one-half
&frac34; &#190; ¾   three-fourths
&iquest; &#191; ¿   inverted question mark
&Agrave; &#192; À   uppercase A, grave accent
&Aacute; &#193; Á   uppercase A, acute accent
&Acirc; &#194;    uppercase A, circumflex accent
&Atilde; &#195; à  uppercase A, tilde
&Auml; &#196; Ä   uppercase A, umlaut
&Aring; &#197; Å   uppercase A, ring
&AElig; &#198; Æ   uppercase AE
&Ccedil; &#199; Ç   uppercase C, cedilla
&Egrave; &#200; È   uppercase E, grave accent
&Eacute; &#201; É   uppercase E, acute accent
&Ecirc; &#202; Ê   uppercase E, circumflex accent
&Euml; &#203; Ë   uppercase E, umlaut
&Igrave; &#204; Ì   uppercase I, grave accent
&Iacute; &#205; Í   uppercase I, acute accent
&Icirc; &#206; Π  uppercase I, circumflex accent
&Iuml; &#207; Ï   uppercase I, umlaut
&ETH; &#208; Р  uppercase Eth, Icelandic
&Ntilde; &#209; Ñ   uppercase N, tilde
&Ograve; &#210; Ò   uppercase O, grave accent
&Oacute; &#211; Ó   uppercase O, acute accent
&Ocirc; &#212; Ô   uppercase O, circumflex accent
&Otilde; &#213; Õ   uppercase O, tilde
&Ouml; &#214; Ö   uppercase O, umlaut
&times; &#215; ×   multiplication sign
&Oslash; &#216; Ø   uppercase O, slash
&Ugrave; &#217; Ù   uppercase U, grave accent
&Uacute; &#218; Ú   uppercase U, acute accent
&Ucirc; &#219; Û   uppercase U, circumflex accent
&Uuml; &#220; Ü   uppercase U, umlaut
&Yacute; &#221; Ý   uppercase Y, acute accent
&THORN; &#222; Þ   uppercase THORN, Icelandic
&szlig; &#223; ß   lowercase sharps, German
&agrave; &#224; à   lowercase a, grave accent
&aacute; &#225; á   lowercase a, acute accent
&acirc; &#226; â   lowercase a, circumflex accent
&atilde; &#227; ã   lowercase a, tilde
&auml; &#228; ä   lowercase a, umlaut
&aring; &#229; å   lowercase a, ring
&aelig; &#230; æ   lowercase ae
&ccedil; &#231; ç   lowercase c, cedilla
&egrave; &#232; è   lowercase e, grave accent
&eacute; &#233; é   lowercase e, acute accent
&ecirc; &#234; ê   lowercase e, circumflex accent
&euml; &#235; ë   lowercase e, umlaut
&igrave; &#236; ì   lowercase i, grave accent
&iacute; &#237; í   lowercase i, acute accent
&icirc; &#238; î   lowercase i, circumflex accent
&iuml; &#239; ï   lowercase i, umlaut
&eth; &#240; ð   lowercase eth, Icelandic
&ntilde; &#241; ñ   lowercase n, tilde
&ograve; &#242; ò   lowercase o, grave accent
&oacute; &#243; ó   lowercase o, acute accent
&ocirc; &#244; ô   lowercase o, circumflex accent
&otilde; &#245; õ   lowercase o, tilde
&ouml; &#246; ö   lowercase o, umlaut
&divide; &#247; ÷   division sign
&oslash; &#248; ø   lowercase o, slash
&ugrave; &#249; ù   lowercase u, grave accent
&uacute; &#250; ú   lowercase u, acute accent
&ucirc; &#251; û   lowercase u, circumflex accent
&uuml; &#252; ü   lowercase u, umlaut
&yacute; &#253; ý   lowercase y, acute accent
&thorn; &#254; þ   lowercase thorn, Icelandic
&yuml; &#255; ÿ   lowercase y, umlaut