Create Thumbnail of an image in Java

Submitted by:Jhon Brain

Date added:25 October, 2012


Java code example to create thumbnail of an image

Tags: create thumbnail

Code Snippet:

private void createThumbnail(String filename, int thumbWidth, int thumbHeight, int quality, String outFilename)
throws InterruptedException, FileNotFoundException, IOException
// load image from filename
Image image = Toolkit.getDefaultToolkit().getImage(filename);
MediaTracker mediaTracker = new MediaTracker(new Container());
mediaTracker.addImage(image, 0);
// use this to test for errors at this point: System.out.println(mediaTracker.isErrorAny());

// determine thumbnail size from WIDTH and HEIGHT
double thumbRatio = (double)thumbWidth / (double)thumbHeight;
int imageWidth = image.getWidth(null);
int imageHeight = image.getHeight(null);
double imageRatio = (double)imageWidth / (double)imageHeight;
if (thumbRatio < imageRatio) {
thumbHeight = (int)(thumbWidth / imageRatio);
} else {
thumbWidth = (int)(thumbHeight * imageRatio);

// draw original image to thumbnail image object and
// scale it to the new size on-the-fly
BufferedImage thumbImage = new BufferedImage(thumbWidth, thumbHeight, BufferedImage.TYPE_INT_RGB);
Graphics2D graphics2D = thumbImage.createGraphics();
graphics2D.setRenderingHint(RenderingHints.KEY_INTERPOLATION, RenderingHints.VALUE_INTERPOLATION_BILINEAR);
graphics2D.drawImage(image, 0, 0, thumbWidth, thumbHeight, null);

// save thumbnail image to outFilename
BufferedOutputStream out = new BufferedOutputStream(new FileOutputStream(outFilename));
JPEGImageEncoder encoder = JPEGCodec.createJPEGEncoder(out);
JPEGEncodeParam param = encoder.getDefaultJPEGEncodeParam(thumbImage);
quality = Math.max(0, Math.min(quality, 100));
param.setQuality((float)quality / 100.0f, false);